Title I Schoolwide Programs

Section 1114 of Title I of the ESEA allows a school in which 40 percent or more of its students are from low-income families to use its Title I funds, along with other Federal, State, and local funds, to operate a schoolwide program to upgrade the entire educational program in the school to improve the academic performance of all students, particularly the lowest-achieving students. [Section 1114(a)(1)] To operate a schoolwide program, a school must conduct a comprehensive needs assessment of the entire school and, using data from the needs assessment, develop a comprehensive plan that meets the requirements of the ESEA and §200.27 of the Title I regulations. [Section 1114(b); 34 CFR 200.27] A school operating a schoolwide program is not required to identify specific students as eligible to participate in the schoolwide program, or to demonstrate that the services provided with Title I funds are supplemental to services that would otherwise be provided. [Section 1114(a)(2)] This is in contrast to a targeted assistance program, in which Title I funds may be used only for supplementary educational services for children identified as being most at risk of not meeting State standards. [Section 1115(a)]

The underlying purpose of the schoolwide approach is to enable schools with high numbers of at-risk children to integrate the services they provide to their children from Federal, State, and local resources. A growing body of evidence shows that it is possible to create schools where all of the students achieve high standards even when most are poor or disadvantaged. Such schools are most likely to be effective if they can make significant changes in the way they deliver services. By making systematic changes that knit together services funded from all sources into a comprehensive framework, schools will have a better chance of increasing the academic success of all their students.

Schools where at least 40% of the children enrolled in the school are from low-income families may implement Schoolwide Programs. The Boston Public Schools has applied the Schoolwide Program approach to all schools districtwide. The Boston Public Schools has exercised the use of the Education Flexibility Partnership in the three schools that have less than 40% of students enrolled from low-income families, in order to provide schoolwide programs districtwide. 


Boston Public Schools has proposed the use of the Education Flexibility Partnership in three schools to waive the Federal Requirement that, for a school to be eligible for Title I services, at least 40% of the children enrolled in the school, or residing in the attendance area the school serves, from low-income families.