Title I, Part A | Improving Academic Achievement

  • Title I, Part A (Title I) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended, provides financial assistance to districts and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards.

    Federal funds are currently allocated through statutory formulas that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state. The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (ESE) also provides Subgrants using state and federal funds to districts for the purpose of providing assistance for district and school improvement. 

How Title I Funds are Used at BPS

  • The Boston Public Schools strategically allocates Title I funds across the district to support a few key initiatives.


    BPS participates in Schoolwide Programs for all schools in the district. Through this approach, principals are able to work with the Finance department to create school-specific supplemental programming that best supports their unique student population. Each school's yearly allocation is determined by low-income numbers and Title I programming is determined through the budgeting process. 

                  Click for guidance on how to budget Title I dollars for BPS Schools       Click for information on how to meet META compliance for Title I dollars at BPS


    The Boston Public Schools leverages the work of multiple partners in order to best support all students. Please see the Partnerships page for more information on BPS' partners.  

Title I Fast Facts

  • Funder: Federal grant passed through the State
    FY19 Award Amount: $39,852,100
    Time Period: 1 year
    Number of Students Served: 56,000
    Schools Served: all schools districtwide
    Program Manager: Anu Jayanth



The BPS Title I Funding Landscape

  • BPS Title I Allocations
    The Boston Public Schools has seen a steady decrease in Title I funding for many years. The reason for changes in Boston’s Title I funds are largely due to changes in our share of the nation’s poverty. Even a freeze in a program like Title I at the national level could result in a reduction in Boston’s local allocation, depending on how the city’s share of national poverty has changed.
    In recent years, this percentage has gone down, resulting in lower Title I allocations for BPS. 
    On December 10th, 2015 the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) - also known as No Child Left Behind - was reauthorized to the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). This reauthorization will impact Title I funding at the Boston Public Schools. For more information on the reauthorization and how Title I will be impacted, please visit the US Department of Education.  

Title I Compliance at the Boston Public Schools

  • Supplement, Not Supplant

    Supplement, Not Supplant

    Boston Public Schools operates schoolwide Title I programs. To demonstrate Supplement, Not Supplant, schoolwide programs must demonstrate certain criteria as well as demonstrate that Title I funds are solely supplementing the amount of funds that, in the absence of the Title I funds, be made available from non-Federal sources for that school. This includes funds needed to provide services that are required by law for students with disabilities and students with limited English proficiency.

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  • Compliance for English Language Learners (META Consent Decree)

    Compliance for English Language Learners (META Consent Decree)

    The Boston Public Schools assures that Title I Funds are equitably funding English Language Learners. The Office of English Language Learners works closely with the Budget Office, Office of Grants and External Funding, and all schools to assure compliance is being met according to the META Consent Decree.

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  • Comparability


    The Title I Comparability requirement refers to a school finance provision within Title I that requires school districts to use state and local funds to provide comparable services to all schools.

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  • Maintenance of Effort

    Maintenance of Effort

    Prior to receiving any Title I dollars, State and local education agencies must demonstrate that they "maintained effort" with state and local resources.

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  • Time and Effort

    Time and Effort

    Per the OMB Uniform Grant Guidance Part 200 (2 CFR 200.430) all employees must document the time and effort they spend within the program. The portion of the federally-paid salary should reflect the time and effort the employee has put forth for that federal program. Time and effort reporting is a form of accountability for the spending of federal funds.

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